Profile for Arch Ritter
Archibald Ritter is a Canadian citizen living in Ottawa Canada, married with five children and some grandchildren. He is a “Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus” in the Department of Economics and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa.
He holds a BA in Economics from Queen’s University, an MA in Economics from the University of Western Ontario and a Ph.D. in Economics with a minor in Latin American Studies from the University of Texas at Austin.
Besides his employment at Carleton University, he has worked in the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Santiago Chile (1973-1974), the Department of Energy Mines and Resources, Government of Canada (1979-1981) and has also lived and worked in Kenya and Tanzania.
He has had a long interest in Cuba beginning perhaps with the chance reading of “Listen Yankee” by C. Wright Mills (an effective piece of propaganda). Or maybe it began with a previous interest in the French Revolution – which ran amok. But maybe the real origin of his obsession with Cuba was that his Father smoked White Owl cigars, which at that time were made from Cuban tobacco but wrapped in Connecticut leaf. For this reason, being in Cuba has always felt like being at home. He has visited Cuba frequently since 1965. He was an initiator on the Canadian side and was the coordinator on the Canadian side for the Masters in Economics Program provided with the University of Havana for young Cuban professors from 1994 to 1999, financed by the International Development Research Centre and the Canadian International Development Agency.
He has published a variety of works on Cuba’s development policies and experience including The Economic Development of Revolutionary Cuba: Strategy and Performance, New York: Praeger 1974; Cuba in the International System: Integration and Normalization, (editor), London: Macmillan, 1995; with co-editor J. Kirk; The Cuban Economy, (editor), Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004 and with co-author Ted Henken, Entrepreneurial Cuba: The Changing Policy Landscape, Lynne Rienner, 2015.
Another recent work by Ritter is a textbook, entitled African Economic Development, Routledge, United Kingdom, 2018 with co-authors Steven Langdon and Yiagadeesen Samy.
Some Recent Publications and Presentations Mainly on Cuba and Some Down-Loadable:
Entrepreneurial Cuba: The Changing Policy Landscape, with co-author Ted Henken, Lynne Rienner, Boulder Colorado, 2015
“ EL VI CONGRESO DEL PARTIDO Y LOS LINEAMIENTOS : ¿Un punto de viraje para Cuba?” ,Espacio Laical, Suplemento Digital No.132 / 16 de Junio 2011
“The Cuban Economy, Revolution, 1959-1990,” in Cuba: People, Culture, History, Editor in Chief: Alan West-Durán, Editorial Board: Victor Fowler Calzada, Gladys E. García Pérez, Louis A Pérez, Jr., César Salgado, Maria de los Angeles Torres, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2011.
“The Cuban Economy during the Special Period 1990-2010,” in Cuba: People, Culture, History Editor Alan West-Durán, Editorial Board: Victor Fowler Calzada, Gladys E. García Pérez, Louis A Pérez, Jr., César Salgado, Maria de los Angeles Torres, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2011.
“U.S.-Cuba Relations: the Potential Economic Implications of Normalization”, in Debating U.S.-Cuban Relations: Shall We Play Ball? Editors: Rafael Hernandez, Jorge Dominguez and Lorena Barberia, New York: Routledge, 2011
Review Article:“Shifting Realities in ‘Special Period’ Cuba”, Latin American Research Review, Volume 45 No. 3, 2010, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 2010
“Estados Unidos-Cuba: potenciales implicaciones económicas de la normalización,” in TEMAS, Havana Cuba, Special Issue: Cuba-Estados Unidos: tan lejos, tan cerca, Editor: Rafael Hernandez.
“Canada’s Economic Relations with Cuba, 1990-2010 and Beyond,” in Canadian Foreign Policy, SPECIAL SECTION – The Politics of Canada-Cuba Relations: Emerging Possibilities and Diverse Challenges Volume 16, Issue 1 (Spring 2010)
Key Note presentation, “Cuba: Current Challenges and Alternate Economic Futures” Power Point Presentation: March 2008, Bildner Centre for Western Hemisphere Studies, City University of New York, New York
“Cuba’s Underground Economy,” Carleton Economic Papers, CEP 04-12, August 18, 2004
Cuba: Dollarization and De-Dollarization,” in Dominick Salvatore, James W. Dean, and Thomas D. Willet (Editors) The Dollarization Debate, New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, Chapter 24, pp. 425-448
Cuba: From ‘Dollarization’ to ‘Euro-ization’ or ‘Peso Re-Consolidation’? in Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Summer 2002), pp. 99–123;
“Cuba’s Economic Performance and the Challenges Ahead,” February 2002, Background Briefing, RFC-02-1, FOCAL, Ottawa Canada
“El Regimen Impositivo para la Microempresa en Cuba,” Revista de La CEPAL, No. 71, Santiago de Chile, Agosto 2000,pp.145-162
” The Dual Currency Bifurcation of Cuba’s Economy in the 1990s: Causes, Consequences and Cures,” CEPAL Review, No 57, Santiago Chile, December 1995, pp.113-132.
Also available in Spanish translation as “La dualidad del tipo de cambio en la economía cubana de los noventa”, Revista CEPAL No 57, Diciembre 1995
“Canada: From Fly-In Fly-Out to Mining Metropolis,” in G. McMahon and F. Remy, (editors,) Large Mines and the Community: Socioeconomic and Environmental Effects in Latin America, Canada and Spain, World Bank, Washington DC, and International Development Research Center, Ottawa, 2001
“La Aglomeracion Minera en Canada; Estrutura, Evolucion y Funccionamiento,” in Rudollf. M. Buitelaar, Extraer Minerales y Producir Desarrollo: Potencialidades y Limitaciones de Aglomeraciones en Torno a la Mineria en America Latina, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago Chile and IDRC, Noviembre de 2001.
Is Cuban impasse inevitable? March 12, 2009, Globe & Mail, Toronto Canada